Peanut Outlook
Date Issued: March 10, 2006

The outlook for Spring 2006 indicate an increased likelihood of warmer and drier-than normal conditions for planting peanuts in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia.

The climate forecast from the Southeast Climate Consortium indicates that the region will be dominated by the effects of the La Ni�a conditions in the Pacific Ocean in the next 3 to 6 months. La Ni�a is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperature, as compared to El Ni�o, which is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures. For detailed rainfall and temperature predictions for individual counties, you can use the climate risk tool developed by the SECC at the AgClimate web site (

Peanut Planting Date
The increased likelihood of warmer- and drier-than normal spring may encourage growers to plant early. However, growers must consider other factors such as risk of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and soil temperature in any planting date decision. Studies show a dramatic increase in tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) for peanuts planted in early to mid April. There is also a risk of increased TSWV on peanuts in mid-to late-April. If you decide to plant earlier, consider planting varieties with good resistance to TSWV such as AP-3, C-99R, or Georgia 02C. For more information check the University of Georgia Peanut Disease Risk Index or the University of Florida EDIS publication SS-AGR-13 at
Warm spring and counties in lower latitude may allow for earlier plantings if soil temperatures and moisture conditions are conducive to uniform germination and emergence of seed. It is recommended to plant after the 4-inch soil temperature has reached 65 oF for three consecutive days or longer. The Florida Automated Weather Network and Georgia Automated Environmental Monitoring Network monitor soil temperature data at several locations in Florida and Georgia, respectively.
Conservation Tillage

Growers practicing conservation tillage peanut production with cover crops and strip till may consider killing cover crops earlier this year to avoid further depletion of soil moisture. More information about conservation tillage can be found in the University of Florida EDIS publication SS-AGR-185 at

Peanut Contacts SECC Climate Contacts
Alabama William C. Birdsong
Extension Specialist
Auburn University
Headland, AL 36345

Jim Novak
Extension Economist and Professor
Auburn University - Ag. Economics & Rural Soc.


H. E. Jowers
Jackson County Extension Director IV

Clyde W. Fraisse
Climate Extension Specialist
University of Florida - Ag & Biol. Eng.
352-392-1864 ext 239

  David L. Wright
University of Florida - NFREC

John Bellow
Climate Extension Specialist
Florida State University - COAPS

  Barry Tillman
Assistant Professor
University of Florida – NFREC

David Zierden
Assistant State Climatologist
Florida State University - COAPS

Georgia John P. Beasley Jr.
Professor and Extension Peanut Agronomist
University of Georgia
Tifton , GA 31793

Joel Paz
Public Service Assistant
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering The University of Georgia